- posted in Alfalfa/Hay: There is an established 30 acre Bermuda hay field about 8 miles down the road from me. Smooth Bromegrass $ 5.56: 0: 0: 0: 6: 16: 136,000: Timothy $ 2.72: 0: 0: 0: 4: 8: 1,234,000: Total Seed Cost per Acre: $ Total Seeds per Sq Ft:** **50-75 seeds per square foot are usually adequate for a good stand. closely at the response of brome to spring-applied N fertilizer. A local who bales some hay on the side told my son that the … The owner is an older gent who once had cattle. My hay is mostly alfalfa with a small amount of grass. Per acre hay yeild first cut is 100-110 45 lb bales to the acre. Other Expenses. Alfalfa Field (dairy quality hay) Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. The summary gives a nice response curve, with average yields ranging from an unfertilized check yield of 1.35 tons of hay per acre, to a maximum yield of 3.15 tons of hay with 140 pounds of N. In an Alberta, Canada yield trial meadow brome had impressive pasture-hay yield performance: Species Cultivar Yield (lbs/ac.) 2 Optimum soil test P: 60 to 100 lbs per acre, or 30 to 50 ppm (note: ppm x 2 = lbs per acre) Potassium (K) Hay production has a high demand for K. Each ton of hay harvested removes on average 50 lbs K 2 O per acre or 200 lbs K 2 O per acre for a typical 4 ton per acre yield. C Meadow brome Regar 10810 (5.4 ton) Fleet 10684 (5.3 ton) Paddock 10442 (5.2 ton) Smooth brome Manchar 8665 (4.3 ton) Forage yields can be exceptional— 3-4 tons per acre or more—with good management when rainfall is adequate. Keep an open mind; but, double the guard for who you let in. The yield depends on location, fertilization, plant species, plant age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed. These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing. Page 1 of 2 - How Much to Rent a Hay Field? According to Oregon State University Extension Service, an acre may yield between 65 to 165 small bales of hay per cutting, with up to three cuttings per year. Factors influencing yield. Smooth brome provides excellent pasture with a high carrying capacity and excellent hay when properly man-aged and harvested. I have a 100 acre hay farm in lower michigan close to the Indiana state line. This year I averaged 90 bales @ 60 lbs each (per acre) for 1st cutting, 86 bales @ 62 lbs each (per acre) for 2nd cutting. Second cut is half that and third somewhat less more if you add fertilizer after second cut. so 4500-5000lbs. One advantage to hay farming is that you may only need to seed your land every two to five years, so consider seed an occasional cost of at least $100 per acre. The field is well maintained, looks to be fertilized. You can expect yields of 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre under certain conditions. The 1st cut of grass hay will yield ~ 1/2 to 2/3 of the seasonal total, with less yield from the 2nd (and 3rd (assuming decent summer rainfall) Don't expect much hay in the seeding/planting year, and maybe only 1/2 to 2/3 of the potential yield in the year after seeding ( the plants will still be developing their size and crowns.) I have noticed the field from the road just like we all do when driving. 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