Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). The current population of Middle East North Africa in is 0, a NAN% decline from . The Sahel or "African Transition Zone" has been affected by many formative epochs in North African history ranging from Ottoman occupation to the Arab-Berber control of the Andalus. Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. In this post, we are going to tell you about North African countries and their capitals. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the countries within Northern Africa, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. maps.unomaha.edu/Peterson/geog1000/Notes/Notes_Exam2/NA.html Historians mark their movement as a critical moment in the Arabization of North Africa. North America and Oceania will continue to grow, but at a much slower rate than Africa. Ancient Carthage was a commercial power and had a strong navy, but relied on mercenaries for land soldiers. Some parts of North Africa began to participate in the Neolithic revolution in the 6th millennium BCE, just before the rapid desertification of the Sahara around 3500 B.C. In North Africa, modern-day groups are largely related to Eurasian and Middle Eastern populations, with very low levels of genetic contributions from sub-Saharan Africa (blue dots, Figure 1) [15,16]. Others[Like whom?] Large protests also occurred in Algeria and Morocco to a lesser extent. It has been regarded by some as stretching from the Atlantic shores of Morocco in the west to the Suez Canal and the Red Sea in the east, though this designation is more commonly referred to as northern Africa. Middle Eastern and North Africa have high levels of: People > Population growth rate - 67% more Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry - 59% more [17] In general geopolitical and business usage, as for example with the World Bank, North Africa is often grouped with the Middle East under the acronym MENA ("Middle East and North Africa") and sometimes in American governmental usage the geopolitical term Greater Middle East. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision)- United Nations population estimates and projections. The Tuareg Berber languages are notably more conservative than those of the coastal cities. The population of all urban areas and places in the North West Province with 1,000 inhabitants or more. In North Africa, modern-day groups are largely related to Eurasian and Middle Eastern populations, with very low levels of genetic contributions from sub-Saharan Africa (blue dots, Figure 1) [15,16]. The people of the Maghreb and the Sahara regions speak Berber languages and several varieties of Arabic and almost exclusively follow Islam. The introduction of modern medical services and public healt… Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). Many of these cities are the economic and cultural centers of Africa, so it is time to know more about them. The current population of North Africa in is 0, a NAN% decline from . Some researchers have postulated that North Africa rather than East Africa served as the exit point for the modern humans who first trekked out of the continent in the Out of Africa migration.[23][24][25]. Egypt registered the largest population in North Africa, reaching 102 million people. There were below 350,000 Jews in both the occupied northern part and the unoccupied southern part. Claims for North Africa . [10] The Islamic influence in the area is also significant and North Africa is a major part of the Muslim world. The North Africa region includes modern-day Morocco, Algeria, Western Sahara and Libya. These mountains are part of the fold mountain system that also runs through much of Southern Europe. The issue of regaining North Africa became paramount to the Western Empire, but was frustrated by Vandal victories. "[27] Early humans may have comprised a large, interbreeding population dispersed across Africa whose spread was facilitated by a wetter climate that created a "green Sahara", around 330,000 to 300,000 years ago. The distinction between North Africa, the Sahel and the rest of the continent is as follows: Nineteenth century European explorers, attracted by the accounts of Ancient geographers or Arab geographers of the classical period, followed the routes by the nomadic people of the vast "empty" space. MENA experienced the highest rate of population growth of any region in the world over the past century. sapiens, representative of the earliest modern humans, and suggested that modern humans arose between 260,000 and 350,000 years ago through a merging of populations in East and Southern Africa. The Arabic and Berber languages are distantly related, both being members of the Afroasiatic language family. Gradually, the Sahara-Sahel is further divided into a total of twenty sub-areas: central, northern, southern, western, eastern, etc. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. Northern Africa Population History / Northern Africa Population Projections. Many hundreds died in the uprisings. The Sahara's major landforms include ergs, large seas of sand that sometimes form into huge dunes; the hammada, a level rocky plateau without soil or sand; and the reg, a level plain of gravel or small stones. Population of North … In 2010–2011 massive protests swept the region leading to the overthrow of the governments in Tunisia and Egypt, as well as civil war in Libya. In 2010, 30.1% of the people were children under the age of 15, 65.2% were between 15 and 64 years of age, and 4.6% were 65 or older. Population Census 1996-10-09 Population Census 2001-10-09 Population Census 2011-10-09 Population Estimate 2016-03-06; North West: Province: 2,727,223: 2,984,098: 3,509,953: 3,748,436: City of Matlosana (City Council of Klerksdorp) Local Municipality: 334,346: 359,202: 398,676: 417,282 → Ditsobotla: Local Municipality: 130,369: 147,599: 168,902: 181,865 → Greater Taung: Local Municipality A wide variety of valuable crops including cereals, rice and cotton, and woods such as cedar and cork, are grown. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. The nation’s capital, Gaborone, is home to 10% of the total population. During the 1950s and 1960s all of the North African states gained independence. According to the United Nations “North Africa” comprises of seven countries and territories; they are Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. Although it was not included in the original plans to divide up Africa at the Berlin Conference, France and Spain continued to vie for influence in the region. Arabic-speaking Northwest Africans, regardless of ethnic background, often identify with Arab history and culture and may share a common vision with other Arabs. Indigenous Berbers subsequently started to form their own polities in response in places such as Fez and Sijilmasa. Libya. North America and Oceania will continue to grow, but at a much slower rate than Africa. North Africa is predominantly Muslim. Population, total. Historically, African nations have had shared struggles. Africa is the second-largest and second most populous continent on earth with an estimated population in 2016 of 1.2 billion people. Egypt has the most varied industrial base, importing technology to develop electronics and engineering industries, and maintaining the reputation of its high-quality cotton textiles. The map details included topographical relief and location of watering holes crucial to long crossings. [19], The official languages in the countries making up the Maghreb are Tamazight which is also known as Berber, and Arabic and French as administrative languages. In most cases, the term defines to the portion of the continent that is encompassed by the Red Sea to the East, the Suez Canal, and the Atlantic shores of Morocco to the West. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. They recede to the south and east, becoming a steppe landscape before meeting the Sahara desert, which covers more than 75 percent of the region. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) includes approximately 19 countries, according to World Atlas. Thus the Wannsee number of 700,000 requires explication. Recent finds in Jebel Irhoud in Morocco have been found to contain some of the oldest Homo sapiens remains; This suggests that, rather than arising only in East Africa around 200,000 years ago, early Homo sapiens may already have been present across the length of Africa 100,000 years earlier. For the region of the United Nations, see, United Nations geoscheme for Africa § Northern Africa, List of ethnic groups of Africa § North Africa, Writing systems of Africa § Ancient orthographies, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of African cuisines § Central African cuisine, Music of Africa § North Africa and the Horn of Africa, History of theatre § North African theatre, Traditional African religions § North Africa, Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, List of kingdoms in pre-colonial Africa § North Africa, History of North Africa § Classical period, History of North Africa § Arrival of Islam, History of science and technology in Africa § Northern Africa and the Nile Valley, Demographics of the Middle East and North Africa, European Digital Archive on Soil Maps of the World, "Figure 5: United Nations definition of African Regions: West, Northern,...", "The Circassian Qubbas of Abbas Avenue, Khartoum: Governors and Soldiers in 19th Century Sudan", "North Africa and the African Transition Zone", "The 'Greater Middle East' as a 'Modern' Geopolitical Imagination in American Foreign Policy", World Economic Outlook Database, April 2016, "Morocco 'mule women' in back-breaking trade from Spain enclave", "Refworld – Morocco: General situation of Muslims who converted to Christianity, and specifically those who converted to Catholicism; their treatment by Islamists and the authorities, including state protection (2008–2011)", "A Revised Root for the Human y Chromosomal Phylogenetic Tree: The Origin of Patrilineal Diversity in Africa", "Earliest evidence of modern human life history in North African early Homo sapiens", "Eritrea's human rights record comes under fire at United Nations", "Scientists Find the Skull of Humanity's Ancestor — on a Computer - By comparing fossils and CT scans, researchers say they have reconstructed the skull of the last common forebear of modern humans", "Deciphering African late middle Pleistocene hominin diversity and the origin of our species", "Green Sahara: African humid periods paced by Earth's orbital changes", "Humans as Agents in the Termination of the African Humid Period", "Egypt and the Mediterranean in the Bronze Age: The Archaeological Evidence", "Volubilis – Ancient Village or Settlement in Morocco", North Africa's Weather Forecasts and Weather Conditions, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=North_Africa&oldid=994631723, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2018, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 266,000 (total land area, control is split between Morocco and the SADR), This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 18:44. 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