After Safwan brought Aisha back to Medina, they found themselves the focus of gossip. W riting about Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, the Orientalist scholar W Montgomery Watt wrote: "Of all the world's great men, none has been so much maligned as Muhammad… The Holy Prophet married Aisha while she was a seven-year-old girl and took her to his house as a bride. Aisha was Prophet Muhammad's child bride. “What does your friend say?” … [Muhammad] came and [Zamaa] married her to him. However, there is no need for this kind of guessing, for her age is in fact recorded. The texts do not say that Sawdah “was old” but that she “became old”, i.e. So Muhammad captured Rayhanah in spring 627, a date when her youngest possible age would have been 14. [31][32] Aisha's age at marriage has been a source of controversy and debate, and some historians, Islamic scholars, and Muslim writers have challenged the previously-accepted timeline of her life. Yet even his enemies were willing to go along with the hearsay. Muhammad then offered to marry her, and she accepted. The “elderly” group would refer to those brides between 28 and 40 while the “middle-aged” group would mean the teenagers. If the aim had been seeking sexual pleasures, he would have done so in his youth and would have married young maidens, not aged widows. He also had four known concubines and at least one other full wife. The second problem with Khadijah’s age is that there is a strong alternative tradition, one that originates from no less a person than Abdullah ibn Abbas. It does not really matter whether Hafsah was 19 or 17. I say that because that’s when he received the first revelation from God. In the modern world, this would suggest that she was 65 or 70, which may explain why modern historians have assumed she was very elderly. If Khadijah was 28 at that time, she was born in the year between March 568 and March 569, some dozen years later than Hakim ibn Hizam claimed. ... Hadrat 'A'isha was eighteen years of age at the time when the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed away and she remained a widow for forty-eight years till she died at the age of sixty-seven." Muhammad’s Age at Marriage = 57 years and 10 months. [20] The only reason why Abdullah has been largely ignored on the subject of Khadijah is that he never knew her personally while Hakim ibn Hizam did. All but two of his marriages were contracted after the Hegira (or Hijra - migration to Medina). She said, “On our return from the expedition of al-Muraysi or shortly after it.”. In Arabian culture, marriage was contracted in accordance with the larger needs of the tribe and was based on the need to form alliances within the tribe and with other tribes. [25], The majority of traditional sources state that Aisha was betrothed to Muhammad at the age of six or seven, but she stayed in her parents' home until the age of nine, or ten according to Ibn Hisham,[30] when the marriage was consummated with Muhammad, then 53, in Medina. [9], "Mother of the Believers" is a term by which each of Muhammad's wives came to be prefixed over time. [63], Muhammad, fearing public opinion, was initially reluctant to marry Zaynab. This makes sense in the light of the fact that Mulaykah found a new fiancé within days of her divorce from Muhammad, before she had completed her three-month waiting-period. With the exception of Aisha, Muhammad only married widows, divorcées or captives. [37], During the Muslim war with Mecca, many men were killed leaving behind widows and orphans. “A noble match,” he replied. We asked Hakim ibn Hizam which of them was older, the Messenger of Allah or Khadijah? We stood on the walls of Medina, looking out … [Aisha said]: “By Allah! [37] She was highly regarded for her intellect and knowledge in various fields, including poetry and medicine, which received plenty of praise by prominent historian Al-Zuhri and her student Urwa ibn al-Zubayr. But all his wives were elderly ladies or widows except [Aisha and Mariyah]. He married her when she was six to seven years old and consummated the marriage when she was nine lunar years old.. However, he did say overtly: 'Glory be to God the Almighty! Some say that Khadijah died at 65, but age 50 is sounder. 8, p. 102, Cited in Muhammad Fathi Mus'ad, The Wives of the Prophet Muhammad: Their Strives and Their Lives, p.178, Ibn Sa'd, Tabaqat, vol.8, p.100, Cited in Muhammad Fathi Mus'ad, The Wives of the Prophet Muhammad: Their Strives and Their Lives, p.172, Ahmad, vol.6, p. 337, Cited in Muhammad Fathi Mus'ad, The Wives of the Prophet Muhammad: Their Strives and Their Lives, p.176, "Hadith collection Sahih Bukhari / Volume 7 / Book 62 / Hadith 142", The Shi'a: The Real Followers of the Sunnah, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kbaorsGGFio, "The Prophet's Marriage to Zaynab bint Jahsh", "The opinions of Shia and Sunni on Ifk incident", "The Book of Jihad and Expedition (Kitab Al-Jihad wa'l-Siyar)", ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Muhammad%27s_wives&oldid=994689251, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. By the time Muhammad married Mulaykah, Aisha had become 16. Muhammad had now passed his twentieth year, and as time went on he received more and more invitations … At the same time, Abdullah ibn Abbas suggests Asma’s upper age-limit. Muhammad’s conception is preceded by a dramatic … Shia scholars dispute the paternity of Khadija's daughters, as they view the first three of the… Some of Muhammad's widows were active politically in the Islamic state after Muhammad's death. He postulates that Zaynab, being an ambitious woman, was already hoping to marry Muhammad; or that she might have wanted to marry someone of whom Muhammad disapproved for political reasons. Besides her, all the wives of the Prophet Muhammad were widows. He says this was about five years before Muhammad was born. Nor is it right for you that ye should annoy Allah's Messenger, or that ye should marry his wives after him at any time. Quran 4:7-11 was written to answer the complaint of an Uhud widow,[40] so it must date from after 22 March 625. The year at least fits with all the generally accepted information about the ages of Muhammad and his children. "Zaynab had dressed in haste when she was told 'the Messenger of God is at the door.' While it may well be true that most Arabs only knew their age to the year and not to the day, there is some evidence that Aisha’s family had noted at least the month in which she was born. We do not know how old Amrah was in 631, but Al-Fadl was 17, so it is reasonable to suggest that Amrah was about 15 – a couple of years younger than Aisha. Hadiths that Muslims consider authentic record that Muhammad’s favorite wife, Aisha, was six when Muhammad wedded her and nine when he consummated the marriage: “The Prophet wrote the (marriage contract) with Aisha while she was six years old and consummated his marriage with her while she was nine years old and she remained with him for nine years (i.e. Muslims often use the term "Mothers of the Believers" prominently before or after referring to them as a sign of respect, a term derived from the Quran.[1][2]. She became politically active during the reign of the caliph Uthman, fomenting opposition against him, and was a participant in the first Muslim civil war (656–661). Safiyah was yet another bride who was young enough to be Muhammad’s granddaughter. [33] Both Aisha and Sawda, his two wives, were given apartments adjoined to the Al-Masjid al-Nabawi mosque. But Hamna spread the report far and wide, opposing me for the sake of her sister. The prayer was unlawful for my aunt before the Messenger of Allah was born.” Hakim’s statement, “The prayer was unlawful for her,” means she menstruated, but he is speaking as the people of Islam speak. Huyayy b. Ak̲htab, Encyclopedia of Islam, Martin Lings, Muhammad: His Life Based On The Earliest Sources (George Allen & Unwin, 1983), p. 269, John L. Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path, pp. Many apologists claim that Muhammad’s wives were elderly and that he did not marry them for physical attraction. [96], Muhammad once went to hajj with all his wives. She was the only wife whom Muhammad married as a young man. [7], The objectives of Muhammad's marriages have been described as:[8][9], Muhammad's first marriage was at the age of about 25 to Khadijah. Upon being enslaved, Juwayriyya went to Muhammad requesting that she - as the daughter of the lord of the Mustaliq - be released, however he refused. When she arrived in Medina in the summer of 630,[71] she must have been at least 14 years old and perhaps considerably older. A'isha: Mohammed's Nine-Year Old Wife. Judaism among Kinda and the Ridda of Kinda. It is generally agreed among historians, both Muslim and orientalist, that at the time of her marriage with the Messenger of Allah – may the peace and blessings of Almighty Allah be upon him – his first wife, Khadija, was forty years old. [6] The fact that he abolished intercalary months[7] suggests that no such practice had been known in Mecca and that the old Meccan year was much the same as the later Islamic year. Rayhanah was a Jewish female from the Nadir tribe in Medina. This makes it very clear that Muhammad was already married to Zaynab during this controversy, which arose before the warriors had even arrived home from the al-Muraysi expedition. The Prophet married Zaynab bint Jahsh on the first of Dhu’l-Qada 5. It explains why Muhammad remained attracted to Khadijah for so long when, in later life, he was to reject older women. Muhammad married her in 3 A.H./625 C.E. What this highlights is that terms like “middle-aged” and “elderly” are subjective. These two narratives offer a variant for Aisha’s age when she was legally married, but this is an uncertainty about the date of the contract (two rather than three years before the consummation). However, we must bear in mind that Zaynab might have been some three years younger than this. 8, p. 47, Cited in Muhammad Fathi Mus'ad, The Wives of the Prophet Muhammad: Their Strives and Their Lives, p.177, Ibn Sa'd, Tabaqat, vol. Links But because we don’t know Mariyah’s age, we have omitted her from the calculation. The Prophet Muhammad died when she was 18 years old. The discussion about Khadijah’s age does not arouse the type of defensiveness and imaginative apologetics that surrounds the discussion of Aisha’s age. Mariyah’s age is not stated anywhere. And, in this article I will explain about the age of the Prophet Muhammad when he became a Prophet. But to label these two groups as “the middle-aged” and “the elderly” gives atypical definitions to these terms. But this is clearly impossible in the light of the fact that she lived another fifty years. All we can do is take the median and accept it as an approximation. His hometown of Mecca houses an ancient and famous pilgrimage sanctuary, the Kaʿbah. Even some non-Muslim historians have repeated this claim. She was the daughter of Abu Bakr, a close companion of the Prophet. Since the mean age of menarche was 12½ years,[67] this indicates that Mulaykah was about 13, plus or minus a couple of years. in the second half of January 630. The well-established, but not altogether agreed upon, tradition of Lady Ayesha’s age at the time of marrying Prophet Muhammad comes from a hadith in one of the most authentic collections – Sahih al-Bukhari in which Ayesha, herself, states: “The Messenger of God married me when I was six, and consummated the marriage with me when I was nine.” There is something suspicious about his remark here. Muhammad’s Age at Marriage = 59 years and 3 months. People who boasted that, “I was already 60 before Event X and I have survived another 60 years since,” did not expect to be taken literally. The sources do not describe Hafsah, Juwayriyah or Safiyah as “youthful,” and Asma’s naiveté certainly suggests youth. He did this on the occasion of the raid on the Mustaliq tribe, and the lot fell on me, so the apostle took me out. Huwaytib died in the year 54 AH (673-674)[12] so he should have converted to Islam in the year 7 BH (615–616). Then Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) left for Yathrib for preaching. In recent decades, however, some scholars have articulated the opinion that she was in fact twenty-eight. [21] Abdullah ibn Abbas says: This tradition was strong enough to be accepted by Ibn Ishaq. In fact, we strongly suspect that the date was towards the end of this period. [25] Attempting to divide the Muslim community, they spread rumors as part of a strategy of attacking Muhammad through his wives. Hakim ibn Hizam said, “The Messenger of Allah married Khadijah when she was 40 and the Messenger of Allah was 25. The necklace was found, but during the same journey, Aisha lost it again. She became politically active during the reign of the caliph Uthman, fomenting opposition against him, and was a participant in the first Muslim civil war (656–661). Sayyidah Sa ’ uda note that this narrator was the daughter of one of Muhammad ’ s life ] her! 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