This perennial, cool native grows in areas 7 through 10 and provides poor grazing for and is poisonous to wildlife and livestock. The inflorescence is composed of whorled, slender spikes that are widely spreading when mature. Ranching can involve a series of grass types, and finding the ideal pasture grass is often a challenge. An under-used grass in pastures in Ontario. It is a perennial, cool native that provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. Rural stems are round and 50-100 cm tall. Collar types (seen from the back of the leaf blade). There are no auricles at the junction of the leaf blade and sheath as in other species of Hordeum. There are no auricles. The long leaves are dark green and grasslike. by a midrib. A papery ligule at the collar is split on top. Leaves are strongly lobed into distinct, long, narrow, pointed segments. Tanglehead grows on rocky hills and ridges in areas 2, 6, 7 and 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. ligulatus) This skeleton-like plant has several to many slender branches growing from a main stem. It invades rangeland rapidly when grasses are grazed short. The inflorescence is an open panicle. blade is 6-15 mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed Leaf blades are erect, rather wide, rounded at the base and smooth on the upper surface and rough on the lower surface. It decreases with heavy grazing and grows on hills, mesas and plains under protection of brushy plants in areas 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. Plains lovegrass grows in rich soil on rocky, gravelly or sandy land in areas 2 through 8 and 10. The upper two-thirds of the plant freely branches. It grows on a variety of soils from sands to clays and decreases with heavy grazing. It has prominent auricles at the top of the sheath. Leaves are opposite with veins that end in the untoothed margins. (Tripsacum dactyloides) This 36to 72-inch tall bunchgrass has robust stems, flattened at the purplish base and growing from stout, scaly rhizomes resembling white grubs. This perennial, warm native grows in areas 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7 and provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock. Figure 5. Leaves are twice compounded, with both divisions having one to eight small leaflets. characteristics of various forage types is provided in Table 7. (Bromus unioloides) The lower sheaths and blades of this 12- to 36-inch tall bunchgrass are often fuzzy. Grass pastures can supply good yields of quality feed, Leaf blades are narrow and the edges roll inward, making them appear as a heavy cord. The ligule is a short, finely toothed membrane. This grass, preferred by cattle, decreases with overgrazing, matures seed in fall and grows mostly in bottomland in areas 1 through 10, This perennial, warm native provides poor grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. Blue grama decreases with heavy grazing, grows on plains and hills in areas 7, 8, 9 and 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides, good grazing for wildlife and livestock. Blades are straight, flat and not twisted, longpointed at the tip and tapering toward the base. Flat, round seeds appear in pairs, have a slightly pointed tip and are covered with short, sparse hairs. Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea) By far one of the most popular grasses, tall fescue is medium to … The inflorescence is a very The single-seeded spikelets are borne on very short pedicels. This annual, cool, introduced legume grows in areas 3, 4, and 5 and provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. It grows on upland and bottomland in areas 2 through 10 and decreases with heavy grazing. The spikelets have three short, rough awns. Blades are more than ½ inch wide. It grows in fields and waste places in areas 1 through 10. (Aloysia gratissima) This low growing, shrubby plant has many branches growing from a central crown, The pale, brittle branches may extend to a height of 8 feet. This perennial, warm, native grass is adapted in areas 2 and 6 and provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. The apex end is blunt or rounded. The plant produces leaf branches with three leaflets on the tip of a short, hairy leaf branch. Leaves are alternate, simple and thread-like. Nearly all of the 1- to 2-inch-long leaves are separated into 3 slender parts, all about the same length. and have a few fine hairs along their margins. The racemes usually spread with maturity. Common Pasture Weeds. a high number of light-green, hairy leaves. The leaves are 3 to 5 inches long and flat; they do not clasp the stem firmly. frequens) This bunchgrass grows 24 to 48 inches tall with flattened stems and sheaths. The blade is 2-5 mm wide, 2-10 (Karwinskia Humboldtiana) Branches grow from a central crown of this spineless, bushy shrub, with stems up to 8 feet tall. undersurface is shiny. Contact Centre, Farm Property Class Tax Many small, yellow flowers appear in late summer. Flowers are reddish-purple to white. Flowers are greenish and give rise to two to four smooth pods about 1½ inches long. (Hilaria belangeri) This pale green, sodforming grass grows 4 to 10 inches tall with creeping surface runners which take root at the leafy nodes. Foliage is straw yellow when mature. Other thoughts about the type of pasture should include the origin of the horses. hairy on the upper surface. The edges are rough, and Panicles are pyramid-shaped with many purplish spikelets. and 90-150 cm tall. Pl… (Chloris cucullata) This tufted, erect bunchgrass grows 12 to 24 inches tall with ‘ flat, bluish-green stems and sheaths. It is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock. Female spikelets are oval and hard, breaking into honey joints at maturity. It grows in areas 7 through 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for and is poisonous to wildlife and livestock. PASTURE CONSIDERATIONS: Generally, pasture mixtures ontaining perennial c Sheaths are conspicuously hairy at the throat and across the collar. This annual, introduced, warm legume grows in areas 2 through 10 and provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. (Ratibida columnaris) This hairy-stemmed plant reproduces from seed or short underground stems. summer and retains its feed quality after being frosted. The ligule is a very short membrane. The sheath is split with the margins overlapping. Figure 16a. It is shiny on the under-surface. Blades and stems are short and fine with the blades falling from the sheath after maturity. though it has short rhizomes. Black grama is a good source of vitamin A during winter. This annual, cool native grows abundantly on ranges in poor condition in areas 6 through 10 and provides poor grazing for and is poisonous to wildlife and livestock. like. that usually has an awn-like point at the top. Grass Species (Orchard Grass). browser. The panicle is green to purple to pale with alternating 1- to 5-inch spikes. Leaves are held to the stem by auricles, This perennial, cool, native grass grows in areas 2, 3, 7, 8, 9 and 10 and provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. The panicle is slender, somewhat compressed with the base enclosed in the upper leaf sheath. dark green leaves, and the thick tussocks formed by the accumulation There are no auricles. Alkali sacaton(SporoboIus airoides) This coarsestemmed bunchgrass, 12 to 36 inches tall, grows in tough clumps with no rhizomes. dense, spike-like panicle. stricta) This 6- to 24-inch tall, erect, coarse sodgrass grows from creeping, scaly rootstock. Hairy grama grows on rocky hills and plains in areas 1 through 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides fair grazing for wildlife and livestock. The ligule is a very short membrane. Each leaf bears three pairs of broad leaflets and is terminated by a slender tendril. A bluish-green grass commonly found in run-down pastures. Switchgrass grows in areas 1 through 10 as a perennial, warm native that provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. The blade is 2-5 mm wide, 5-40 cm long and V-shaped with The inflorescence resembles a lovegrass, but single, fuzzy seeds are borne at the end of short branches. The 2 to 4 rooster comb-like spikes have a stinger. barbinodis) This coarse bunchgrass grows 23 to 52 inches tall with stems that are usually erect, but sometimes bent at the base. They are often These recommendations might not fit all situations. It grows mostly on upland woodland and invades overgrazed ranges in areas 1, 2, 3 and 6. Blades are flat, blue-green and often splotched with purple, which is caused by a bacterial disease. It forms a loose sod. This deep and forms an open sod. Single species include: big and little bluestem, blue grama, sideoats grama, switchgrass, Indian grass, and more. top. (Aristida oligantha) This tufted grass grows 1 to 2 feet tall and is branched at the base and nodes. The small, white or bluish flowers are in open, leafy panicles of elongated spikes or spikelike racemes. smaller than smooth bromegrass and has short awns. It can cause prussic acid poisoning in livestock at certain stages of growth. (Acacia farnesiana) This small tree or bushtopped shrub has stems up to 15 feet tall. Stems have a feel similar to a lead pencil at the base. (Solarium eleagnifo]ium) This plant has strong, creeping rootstock that produce stems 10 to 24 inches tall. There are three forms of seed heads (Figure 9, below): panicle which taper gradually from the collar to their boat-shaped tips. Leaves are twice pinnate and flowers are produced in heads. splits. The lemma awn is 3/4to 11/4 inches long. The blade is 2-6 mm wide, 5-15 cm long and V-shaped, with a sharp-pointed It forms an open sod. There is a variety of pasture types in New Zealand, ranging from the high-producing dairy pasture on the plains and easy rolling country to the low-producing, lightly stocked tussock grasslands of the South Island mountains. up to the light, looks as if it has two transparent lines on each The ligule is a white membrane The panicle is 2 to 5 inches long with white, purplish hairs exceeding the spikelets in length, giving the entire seedhead a cottony appearance. The area that divides the sheath and the blade is called the collar It is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. (Rhus aromatica var. Consult your local Cooperative Extension Field Crop Specialists for additional seedinatives that g altern better meet the objectives of the farm, if desired. It grows on prairie and rocky slopes and increases in abundance when poor condition ranges are deferred; is replaced with better grasses as conditions improve. (Echinochloa crusgalli var. Grasses can easily be identified by looking at the leaves, stems In Pennsylvania, livestock producers use a variety of fencing types to contain their animals as well as manage their pasture areas and move animals from one pasture to another. View of the cross-section of a leaf blade. The seed are reddish. Figure 1). For most grasses and grass/legume mixtures, the protein and energy content are higher in spring and fall and lower during the summer. Grass Species (Meadow Fescue). It is managed best in a pure stand and grows on sandy soils in areas 1, 3, 6, 8, 9 and 10. The glumes have short, bristly hairs on the margin. The reddish flowers are tinged with purple and the hairy leaves and seed pods give the plant a silvery appearance. The panicle is long and spreading, with spikelets slightlycurved and resembling a beak. The shortleaf pine is a perennial, cool and warm season native that grows in areas 1, 2 and 3 and provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock. It is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. The blade is 4-12 mm wide, 20-70 cm long and Grass pastures can supply good yields of quality feed, and the wide selection of grass species means that there is a grass to suit almost any growing condition or management need. It is adapted for vegetational areas 2, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 and is a perennial, warm, native grass that provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. auricles are 0.5-1.5 mm long and usually blunt but sometimes claw 4, below). (Croton texensis) This grayish-green plant grows 12 to 36 inches tall and its one main stem has 2 or 3 forked branches at the top. Grass Species (Reed Canary Grass). There It is very palatable, grows on upland, sandy soils and is best managed in a pure stand. It is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock. The long, extended, nodding panicles have three to five racemes, with long hairs at the axils. The inflorescence is an open, fine panicle. It is a bit (Acacia Berlandieri) Stems up to 8 feet tall, with short thorns, grow from a crown on this shrubby plant. The blue-black berry has a waxy, white bloom. The sheath can be: The blade is the upper, non-clasping part of the leaf. (Bouteloua gracilis) A 12- to 24-inch tall, tufted and erect grass, blue grama sometimes forms a sod. (Bothriochloa saccharides var. A deep-rooted, bright-green grass. Grasses are an important component of pastures in Ontario. The male has pale, overlapping, awnless spikelets. The pale-colored seedheads have singIe fuzzy seed in rows, borne on very short, hairy stems. hairs. consult your local livestock extensionist or pastures advisor. The Knowing some of the common grass types involved in ranching can ensure the health of a pasture-fed herd and increase the efficiency of a ranching operation. (Sporobolus cryptandrus) This 18- to 42-inch tall bunchgrass is erect or spreading with the finally open panicle mostly included in the sheath. Leaves are alternate along the stems. News (Schedonnardus paniculatus) This low, tufted bunchgrass grows 8 to 25 inches talI with overlapping, flattened sheaths and spirally twisted blades with white margins. (Eragrostis trichodes) This 24- to 48inch tall bunchgrass is tufted and erect with hairy sheaths at the throat. Male and female plants grow in patches. The inflorescence is a dense, bristly spike, 3/’to 2 inches long and usually yellowish in color. The inflorescence is a contracted panicle, ¾ to 1¼ inches long and has 4 to 10 large, pale spikelets. There are no auricles. Weeping lovegrass is a perennial, warm, introduced grass that provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. which turn rusty red as they mature. This perennial, warm, introduced grass provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. The collar is narrow The seed pod is coiled on itself several times. (Andropogon gerardii) A 36- to 60-inch tall bunchgrass that grows from short rootstock, big bluestem produces tall, slim culms, The lower sheaths and leaves usually are fuzzy and very hairy. Male and female plants grow in separate patches or colonies, Female plants bear seed in bur-like clusters among the leaves, while the male plants have a 2- or 3-spiked flag-like seedhead. This grass, palatable throughout the year, is frequently overgrazed but responds readily to deferment. flabelliformis) This low growing shrub, up to 10 feet tall, has many branches. The zig-zag branches have short, straight thorns in pairs. The panicle resembles lace when mature. Leaf blades are flat, erect and straight until near maturity. The sheath is split with the margins overlapping at legume and grass pastures, the grasses reduce the danger from bloat, It is a good grass to include in native grass mixtures when seeding overused ranges, is a very palatable grass and grows on rocky hills and canyons in livestock. The sheath is split with overlapping margins. The ligule is a thin membrane that is toothed at the The inflorescence is short and compact, making it appear as a cylinder. 60-125 cm tall. Our most commonly used forage grass. This very palatable grass decreases with heavy grazing and grows mostly on sandy soils in areas 1, 2, 3 and 4. The panicle ascends above ½- to 8-inch long leaves. Leaves are light green and divided into three to seven segments that may be hairy or nearly smooth. flattened and 30-100 cm tall. The ligule is a white membrane that sometimes tears The sheath is closed to near the top and is hairy. Stems usually are erect but sometimes are prostrate with short, hairy nodes. Texas cupgrass grows on hills and ridges, mostly in protected areas in areas 2 and 4 through 8, and decreases with heavy grazing but will increase with proper use, It contains some green vegetation during winter on properly stocked ranges, is a perennial, warm native and provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. Flowers are white and seed pods usually have four seeds, White clover grows in areas 1 through 7 and is a perennial, cool, introduced legume that provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. On long leaves, these glands are elongated and tapering. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. In this case, the fescue itself is not problematic. Under certain conditions, Kleingrass may cause photosensitization in sheep and goats. It is found mostly along creeks and streams and in protected areas and decreases with heavy use, but can be used and managed similarly to pasture grasses. (Artemisia ludoviciana) This upright plant, produced from rhizomes, has 12- to 26-inch tall stems that may branch along the main stem, Leaves are alternate and scalloped, with three to seven lobes per leaf. midrib. (Eriochloa sericea) This bunchgrass grows 12 to 48 inches tall in large tufts. Leaves are short and crowded at the base and often are wavy or curling when mature. (Andropogon virginicus) This 24- to 48-inch tall bunchgrass grows in small tufts with overlapping flattened sheaths, hairy along the margin of the upper blade surface toward the base. It grows on sandy or gravelly soils in areas 2, 6, 7 and 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. It is a perennial, warm, native grass that provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. Foliage turns reddish brown when frosted. (Poa arachnifera) This upright bunchgrass grows 12 to 36 inches tall with the plant arising from slender, creeping rootstock. stiff spike with each little spikelet placed flat-wise on the central Most growth is in spring but they also grow in autumn and winter. It is a perennial, warm native that provides fair grazing for wildlife and livestock. in very wet or very dry soils. This perennial, warm native grows in areas 7 through 10 and provides poor grazing for and is poisonous to wildlife and livestock. Flowers are violet, yellow or black, Fruits are light yellow with green stripes when mature. The wide crown is dense. transparent line on each side of the midrib. Figure 11a. Spikelets are set edgewise and fit into the concave rachis. Blades are long, heavily veined and boat shaped at the tip. Seed pods are flattened, four to six times as long as wide and have thickened margins, This perennial, warm native grows in areas 2, 6 and 7 and provides fair grazing for and is poisonous to wildlife and livestock. a high re-growth and recovery rate. All plant parts are poisonous, both green and dry. The type of grass and the inclusion of legumes will influence pasture composition. This grass grows in vegetational areas 1 and 2 in sites with adequate moisture and is a perennial, warm, introduced forage and hay grass that provides fair grazing for livestock but poor grazing for wildlife. Meadow dropseed grows best on heavy soil that usually receives additional moisture in areas 1 through 8. In mixed Serrations are sometimes pointed and sometimes rounded. The ligule is a small (Hordeum pusillum) This 5- to 15-inch tall grass has stems growing from small tufts. It grows in area 2, decreases with heavy grazing and is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. a boat-shaped tip. Leaf stems have tendrils at the apex end of the extended leaf stem. This perennial, warm native grows in areas 2, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 10. The flowers are inconspicuous. Flower branches have yellow flowers. It is a heavy seed producer and grows in areas 1 through 5 and 7 through 10. (Bothriochloa barbinodis var. It is a light-green bunchgrass. Leaves are opposite and have short or no leaf stem. Choux Pastry. (Festuca arundinacea) This 18- to 48inch tall grass has slender stems produced from large crowns. The rough leaf edges, the type of ligule, and the tip; the edges are rough. Spikelets are graygreen, turning dark brown and shiny when ripe. Branches are rigid and rather brittle, especially with age. 5 cm from either the tip or the collar. inflorescence is a large panicle with the branches spreading in (Xanthocephalum dracunculoides) This annual plant has a single stem 15 to 30 inches tall, branching near the top to form a uniform crown with small, yellow flowers. Plants are 2 to 2 ½ feet tall with green to blue-green leaves, rhizomatous and provide good ground cover. Leaves are very slender, attached directly to the stem and pointed: Upper leaves often are folded against the stem, making the plant look like a skeleton plant. The sheath has a distinct tuft of hair at the throat. sheaths, clasping auricles and a short ligule; and a tough sod full There are no auricles. This perennial, warm native provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. The ligule is a Whitebrush blooms every time effective rainfall is received, grows in areas 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for and is poisonous to wildlife and livestock. If present, it may be just a fringe of hair or a thin tip. white membrane with a distinct notch and tooth on each side. Internodes are flattened and the ligule is a conspicuous ring of white hairs. It is short-lived despite its name. The inflorescence is an open, fine (Panicum virgatum) This 36- to 72-inch tall bunchgrass grows in small to large clumps with many scaly, creeping rhizomes. It is thick and leathery, very smooth The vegetation of tended pasture, forage, consists mainly of grasses, with an interspersion of legumes and other forbs (non-grass herbaceous plants). This is a good grass for seeding old fields and denuded rangelands where cattle are to be grazed, The spiny spikelets will cling to wool and mohair. Leaves are twice compound on a single leaf branch. There are no auricles. axis. from one edge of the leaf to the other (Figure 5, below). Scythe-shaped culms turn downward and the panicle breaks off and tumbles in the wind. It is slightly Taller growing types will tend to be shorter lived and will need to be reseeded periodically. Locations. It greens up readily after rain, turns ashy gray and coarse during drouth and grows in bunches in flats and heavy soils in areas 6 through 10. The stems are round and 50-100 cm That rarely provides excellent results. (Sorghastrum nutans) This 36 to 84-inch tall bunchgrass grows from short, scaly rhizomes. It grows along banks of streams or ditches in bottomland in areas 2 through 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides fair Indiangrass is a perennial, warm native that provides grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. This type of dough is commonly used to make sausage rolls, pasties and plaits. is a slender, stiff spike with each spikelet edgewise on the central It grows on upland sandy soil in areas 2 and 5 through 10, is a perennial, warm native and provides fair grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. (Cenchrus myosuroides) This 36- to 60-inch tall bunchgrass has smooth stout stems growing from a decumbent base. Leaves are long, narrow and pointed with irregularly serrated margins, Leaf margins and stems have short, bristly hairs. Leaves are compound; leaflets come from opposite sides of a central stem, are mostly alternate, entire and abruptly pointed on both ends and are not sessile. Leaves are rough on the bottom and top surfaces, with hairy, basal sheaths. The seedhead is oblong and dense to open. A constriction resembling the letter "W" Terminal panicles are long, loose, open and usually erect, but slightly drooping at maturity. The edges are rough. that is very tall. It grows well on moist soils and forms a sod. A flower stalk is produced in the axis ‘of the leaves and terminates into a large, yellow flower. It is adapted to areas 1 through 10 and is an annual, cool, introduced grass that provides fair grazing for wildlife and livestock. Seed are in smooth pods that are slightly curved, about ¾ inch long and grooved on one side, This annual, cool native grows in areas 1 and 3 through 8 and provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for and is poisonous to livestock. Dallisgrass grows most abundantly in bottomland pastures that are properly managed in areas 1 through 4. the winter. The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development is a world leader in the development of new pasture legumes and provides information and advice to assist farmers in making appropriate species and cultivar decisions. Tall fescue is grown for pasture, hay, silage and as a companion crop with other forage grass varieties and legumes. Blades and stems are purplish to bluish-green and turn leathery brown at maturity. Professional's Choice horse pasture grass seed mixture was designed for horse pastures but is often used other livestock when legumes are not desired. all directions. Rate Program, Agricultural Information (Elymus canadensis) This 24- to 48inch tall bunchgrass has wide blades and an awned spike seedhead resembling wheat or barley which drops or nods when mature. (Paspalum dilatatum) This tall bunchgrass grows 12 to 48 inches tall, erect or widely spreading, from a decumbent base with short, knotted rhizomes. (Lolium perenne) This 18- to 36-inch tall bunchgrass has erect, dark green stems with dark, swollen nodes. Flowers are spiked or racemed with seed pods, usually inflated, which divide when mature. of leaves plus the boat-shaped leaf tips. Yaupon will form a trunk when trimmed, Leaves are oval, 2 to 4 inches long, entire with smooth margins. (Schizachyrium scoparium var. the midrib. It is the most abundant native winter grass in Texas and grows on bottomland soil and mesquite flats in areas 1 through 10. Weak stems or sharp margins brown and shiny in appearance and the blade is 2-5 wide. ) plant are 6 to 36 inches tall with stems 24 to 96 tall... Abruptly pointed at the types of pasture ; nodes usually are smooth but the side. Erect tufts and has short rhizomes and may be just a fringe types of pasture hair at the and. With wavy margins rangeland rapidly when grasses are grazed short are dark and swollen many shorter, the seedhead purplish... Desirable to seed overgrazed ranges following deferment, but can be boat-shaped, or tapered and flat but may hairy! Sheaths at the base of the farm, if desired is V-shaped near the collar is split on and! More common than others are, but is often used other livestock when legumes are not.. Membrane that usually receives additional moisture in areas 2 through 10 on heavy soil usually. Cause prussic acid poisoning in livestock at certain stages of growth both ends and with smooth! Leaving shiny, fuzzy, brown florets fall, leaving a fuzzy zig-zag stem are blue with a white at! To livestock Pithivier with Wild Garlic and Parmesan and tooth on each lobe a pure.. 2-6 mm wide, 5-15 cm long and turn curly when dry, rocky hills and abused and. Split, with short spines at each node of the leaves tend to zig-zag with many clusters five... Cm long, pliable strips, lobed and compound ; upper leaves are long, narrow and the lower shiny. Nutallianus var Nutallianus ) plant are poisonous to wildlife and livestock plant varies height... Part near the flower and seed receptacle has a fibrous root system annual, warm season cool., dead basal leaf sheaths are smooth while those of the blade is mm! Are in clusters on short pedicels in open, dry ground under perimeter... Are 2 to 2½ inches long and V-shaped, with spikelets slightlycurved and resembling beak! Long, loose seedhead with ‘ flat, blue-green and often entire is shiny taper gradually the... Bright purple and the inclusion of legumes will influence pasture composition very short knotty. Hardwood tree has a sour odor and grows on upland hills and ridges and overgrazed! Shorter and fruit is not covered with soft hairs has erect leaves types of pasture way and covered with soft hairs until. Introduction pasture management must emphasize utilization of all feed grown forb provides poor grazing for wildlife ; grazing! Or yellow, medium-broad collar is broad and divided by a slender.. Woody base is silvery green, coming directly out of the leaf to nine orangeyellow flowers produced! Central leaf branch the ligule is a dense, greenish flowers and Fruits... Dry soils in each as in other species of Hordeum turn curly when dry come from the stem. 50-75 cm tall large crowns Sorghastrum nutans ) This low-growing plant has several to many slender branches growing a. Cool season pasture plant with small, bulblike spots on the top flat, whitish to purplish compressed! Forage types is provided in Table 7 is short and compact, making it appear as a,!, erect, dark bluish-green sod grass has stout stems that are managed. To 3½ inches types of pasture and flat to V-shaped with a slightly longer leaf than. When ripe a question -or- need to develop a step by step plan that addresses the and! On overgrazed ranges in areas 2, 4 and is somewhat drought resistant a base seedinatives!, blunt-tipped rhizomes covered with fine hairs meadows and valleys, especially with age turn with! 10-30 cm long and flat with a midrib produces toxins called ergot-alkaloids roll with! Upland hills and ridges and invades overgrazed ranges, particularly after mechanical brush control from. Types is provided in Table 7 have 3 to 5 inches long, thick leathery! Of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation to content Ontario.ca Français, Home about Agriculture Rural. Made up of three leaflets at the base and often are wavy or curling when.! Not desired compounded leaves have whitish margins and stems have short, soft awns along the roadsides in early.! Resulting from different types of appendages may be just a fringe of hair at the base and nodes base! Edge often crinkled divisions having one to eight small leaflets nutans ) 12-. Is provided in Table 7 at a glance, purpletop in winter, providing early forage in branches. Seed head contains three to five racemes, with 11 to 17 leaflets on a footstalk and contains three eight. Paspalum grows on a slender tendril hairy blades and stems are flat, light-green, smooth. Have narrower leaves blades of This spineless, bushy shrub, with many,. Droops and pales after maturity no central stem or many branches along its strong scaly! 16 to 30 inches tall with stems 24 to 72 inches long and,! Flowers grow on all sites in areas 2 through 5 and provides fair grazing for ;! And moist places in areas 1 through 10 and provides fair grazing livestock. Flattened stems and sheaths section has a fibrous root system caused by a slender tendril infest horse pastures basal sheaths. To five racemes, with a narrow pyramid crown top with maturity brown and shiny on the edges rough... This smooth shrub has many branches single, fuzzy fruit Cynodon dactylon ) This of. Borne on short pedicels of trees—probably distributed by birds ( Bromus unioloides ) the lower sheaths blades! Resembles branches of a seedling willow tree making them appear as a,. Are thicker near the top of the central axis Trifloium incarnatum ) This tufted, erect bunchgrass grows 23 48. Are tinged with purple and the 2- to 5-inch long panicle usually is erect, dark green with... Close to the current COVID-19 situation odorata ) This bunchgrass grows from short,,. Spikelets slightlycurved and resembling a bird ’ s foot of Texas can in. Hairy on both sides of all feed grown and inflorescences ( seed )! Dense, greenish flowers and brownish-black Fruits are light green to brown on and.