Upload; Login; Signup; Submit Search. Western religions are the religions that originate in the Western areas like Americas and throughout Europe. In 1990, at the age of 13, she moved from Beijing, to Berlin. Hope breeds peace." Confidence breeds hope. First of all, Eastern and Western people have different attitudes toward their life. Cultural and religious rather than geographical in division, the boundaries of East and West are not fixed, but vary according to the criteria adopted by individuals using the term.. Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. Differences among cultures Eastern Vs. Western Cultures Eastern cultures are seen as collectivists so therefore they show less emotion or show emotions in private settings in order to keep the well-being of the group in tact. Major Differences between Chinese and Western Culture are not just about ways of thinking and communication. In multinational companies this is very visible, especially when the employer and the manager are not from the same culture. Different motives: Consumerism means that e.g. The most widely used model for personality - the Big Five - is explored in an extensive 2005 study by Robert McCrae and 79 collaborators around the world. As a graduate student, psychologist Jim Stigler went to East Asia to research teaching methods and learn more about the differences between Eastern and Western learning styles. In western, low context cultures they do not use nonverbal communication as often as they do in high context cultures. Understanding specific Asian markets as well as the main differences in business etiquette between the Eastern and Western world is essential in order to expand your business and strive in Asia. Simple visual language is the oldest communication tool for different cultures. So what does this mean in communication styles in those regions? , it is imperative to understand how different cultures communicate in the workplace and how to adapt to those differences in day-to-day events. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Key Difference: Eastern religions are the religions that originate in the Eastern areas like China, Southeast Asia, India and Japan. Books and journals Case studies Expert Briefings Open Access. In sociology, the East–West dichotomy is the perceived difference between the Eastern and the Western worlds. Psychologists have discovered that each culture possesses a different set of rules around showing emotions at a workplace and even in their personal lives. "everyone must have a car to feel good". The West values sports, outdoor experiences, and group cooperation. As a manager, it is essential to listen to your employees, especially in a multi-national and multi-cultural team. A. Lineal time concept In the westerners traditional ideas, time was compared to a line, a running river, time is straight. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. , with the people around you. The difference in Power distance and protecting your image is clearly visible between eastern and western cultures. J.T. Eastern Cultures are often perceived as high context cultures where collectivism is important. Management Communication Quarterly, p. 217-265. As T. Novinger says “In China and Japan, for example, facial expression that would be recognized around the world as conveying happiness may actually express anger or mask sadness, both of which are unacceptable to show overtly”. But as the development, there are boundaries that restrict western and eastern cultures. It is called “lineal view of time”. Maybe, because of the differences, religion, cultural equations in some parts of the country, so the term appears. Eastern people live in time, which means that they follow the natural order of time to do what they ought to do and work step by step. SlideShare Explore Search You. by defining each culture by the value they place on indirect or direct communication. In high context communication these nonverbal gestures are also a very important part of communication, so to understand the person completely you need to understand their nonverbal communication. These styles are used mostly in individualist cultures, and are more commonly valued in “Western” cultures and countries. ( Log Out /  As a result, we have successfully enabled meaningful conversations in over 80 countries. ( Log Out /  Find out more about how you can adapt Pigeonhole Live to your needs, How to Organise Unique Hybrid Events of Any Size. Here we are going to begin a series of discussion from specific aspects. Eastern … by Robert McCrae and 79 collaborators around the world. Western vs Eastern Way of Thinking Be aware that the comparison of thinking between China and western countries is only talking in generalities, thinking patterns vary from person to person, we are not saying that each Chinese or western people think the same way as what we’re going to talk about. Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. ☆ Exploring a different culture is one of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into. Many think that business negotiations fail due to technical difficulties such as lack of preparation and planning. Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? Wrong interpretation of the gestures can lead to a conflict. Change ). Eastern individuals, however, tend to use spiral thinking patterns, and this difference must be remembered at all times. This is an insightful understanding of Eastern Culture Vs. Western Culture... in an interesting pictorial representation. Of course, being a system implies a lot of things are bound, but generally it does its utmost to elevate individual approaches to … In 2015, artist and visual designer Yang Liu published a book entitled East Meets West. If you ask designer Yang Liu, it's better to keep things simple. Why? Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. In these cultures people also avoid saying ‘no’ to preserve the relationship, instead of saying that something is impossible they will soften their message by using the word ‘difficult’. Eastern world is comprised of nations in Asia including the Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. As a result of the Schism, differences increased between the two. The point of conflict is which expressions are acceptable to show and by whom. However, there is no precise boundary that separates the two regions. A manager moving from Australia to India will be expected to communicate their plans for the company more than they did before. The difference in Power distance and protecting your image is clearly visible between eastern and western cultures. East vs. West Cultural Comparison …a compilation & adaptation from leadership management institute,Paul Tokunaga’s talk, & personal/ ministry experiences. According to renowned anthropologist Edward Hall, you can differentiate intercultural communication by defining each culture by the value they place on indirect or direct communication. Most of the research on interpersonal attraction has been carried out in Western societies, especially the United Kingdom and United States. Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. Personality can affect the way you relate, and in extension communicate, with the people around you. 1. Culture differences must be taken into consideration in business communication and translation services. On the other hand, an indirect communicator will use words to hide their true intention and show their real intention mostly only through nonverbal communication. Major Difference Between Western & Eastern Thought on Education. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual.  The Eastern Church vs. the Western Church In the year 1054, due to political, cultural and religious reasons, the Great Schism divided Christianity into the Eastern Church (the Orthodox Church) and the Western Church (the Catholic Church). People from Western cultures on the other hand are more individualistic and use low context communication, meaning they use concrete language and direct communication to get their point across. As a result of the Schism, differences increased between the two. Lacking this strategic orientation will imperil business ventures and risk losing time and money. In other cultures, including African and some Asian countries, indirect communication is more prevalent. . Every culture has its own pons and cons. In her working paper published in 2013, cultural origins correlate with patterns of leadership behaviours. Rudyard Kipling, the well know English poet, was struck by this difference and expressed the view that the two can never live together and co-operate as equals.Let us here first consider the salient features of the Eastern and Western cultures, and then examine how far the view expressed by Kipling in correct. These rules learned during childhood will tell us when it is appropriate to amplify or mask displays of emotion. The purpose of making different cultures in only that people can be categorized. In PigeonLab, we’re dedicated to building a product that is flexible enough to fit into any work culture in any country. According to “The Nonverbal Advantage: Secrets and Science of Body Language at Work” by. As their names imply, Western Europe refers to the west part of Europe and Eastern Europe refers to the East part of Europe. With global strategies taking precedence in the future of work, it is imperative to understand how different cultures communicate in the workplace and how to adapt to those differences in day-to-day events. For example, leaders from South Asia are rated higher in their ability to develop and articulate their vision of the future, while those in the Anglo-cluster would be ranked lower. To do this, you can negotiate, debate, discuss differences and most of all defending your own opinion. East and West may have myriad differences based on culture and education. Eastern and Western education systems produce variant characters. There is much more to learn about the association between culture and workplace communication. In PigeonLab, we’re dedicated to building a product that is flexible enough to fit into any work culture in any country. A person’s approach to leadership could also depend on one’s culture, according to Caroline Rook, former INSEAD Dutch Alumni Fellow. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. In Japanese companies for example, younger employees are expected to support the people in higher positions and never give their opinion directly to the manager. Eastern vs Western Philosophy. Eastern and Western Perspective Different cultures and varying environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern vs. Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. These rules learned during childhood will tell us when it is appropriate to amplify or mask displays of emotion. East versus West. Yaolung James Hsieh. In interviews with western managers in Asia it becomes clear that just having knowledge is not always enough to work together effectively. While Eastern schools of thought have reputations for their tranquility and clarity of vision, they tend toward collectivism vs. western individualism. The interpretation of nonverbal communication can also cause conflicts, especially because of differences in displaying emotions. However, in China people buy cars to fit in, whereas in the West people buy cars to stand out! Not understanding whether your workplace communication style is high-context or low-context could cause a lot of problems. Eastern people often feel confident that they know quite a bit about western culture. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. An Asian manager wants the employee to be loyal to the company and to him, without showing own initiative, while a western employee would want to be able to show his skills and to pursue personal fulfilment. "everyone must have a car to feel good". Eastern and Western are far to broad strokes to talk about communication styles. Not recognising the difference in styles could be cumbersome in building relationships, agreements, and even providing feedback. Similarly, tenacity would be valued more in leaders in Eastern Europe than in Confucian Asia. Personality can affect the way you relate, and in extension. On is neither inferior nor superior to the second one. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. The results showed that Americans, but not East Asians, were less attentive to indirect cues in work than nonwork settings and that East–West differences in indirectness were greater in work than nonwork settings. Firstly, Western systems of education focus on creative thoughts. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Here is a list of top 10 differences between Eastern and Western Cultures that show a few broad demarcations between them. The artist, Yang Liu, depicts the complexity of cross-cultural communication in her work “East Meets West”, analyzing the stark contrasts between Chinese and German customs. Eastern companies may be a little more relaxed when it comes to starting times and deadlines. Most westerners will speak openly with honesty and are always to the point. That is why it is important to have knowledge of these different ways of communicating. With global strategies taking precedence in the. Eastern culture bel… East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. 10. Debunk interning in eastern cultures vs. western cultures with GoAbroad. Freelancers who are new to working with Western clients must make a note of this. Eastern vs Western Philosophy. There are also differences in the way of maintaining face. Someone selling a new idea to the average Hong Kong Chinese would have to find a different approach than if they were speaking to the average German. There is also a lack of self-care ability and a lack of life skills. For example, South Asian leaders might rank higher in visioning because there is a higher expectation for that leadership trait in that region. Eastern cultures tend to have a very hierarchical structure, where western cultures are more egalitarian. I began to understand that ‘my way’ is not ‘everybody’s way’ and especially not the ‘better’ way. Individuals from the west tend to think in linear patterns and look for cause and effect, as they want to know the relationship between the two. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. For example, German-speaking Swiss, Danes and Germans scored the highest for openness to experience, while the lowest scoring on average were the Hong Kong Chinese, Northern Irish, and Kuwaitis. Cross-cultural communication: East vs. West. Being explicit and unambiguous is usually the priority. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. Consumerism in the Context of Eastern vs Western Thought. For example, Brazilians, French-Swiss, and the Maltese are the most extroverted while Nigerians, Moroccans, and Indonesians ranked as the most introverted. People from Western cultures on the other hand are more individualistic and use low context communication, meaning they use concrete language and direct communication to get their point across. Western culture allows people to be more open minded and critical. Western ventures as well as expat foreign workers that start working in the Middle East face many challenges due to the differences in their communication style. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. How Eastern and Western Cultures Tackle Learning describes the experience of Asian students compared with their U.S. counterparts as observed by psychologists specialized in learning. ☆ Exploring a different culture is one of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into. Leaders in East European countries are likely to be ranked higher on average for empowering employees and tenacity. Eastern people don’t like their schedules to be messed up and usually hate to change things once they decide the sequence. There is also a lack of self-care ability and a lack of life skills. Western and Eastern Educational Philosophies . Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on … For centuries, the Chinese viewed the child as a miniature adult who should behave according to the expectations of the adult world. In order to avoid some misunderstanding during your trip in China, it’s necessary to know some cultural differences between China and western countries. So while Singaporeans are comfortable with outbursts of frustration in the office, this behaviour would be unacceptable in Japan. Most likely, none of the persons would want to adjust to the other one. The most widely used model for personality - the Big Five - is explored in an extensive. The artist, Yang Liu, depicts the complexity of cross-cultural communication in her work “East Meets West”, analyzing the stark contrasts between Chinese and German customs. Apart from geographical locations, these two parts of the world have differences in their way of life and the approach to life in general. Western society - felt to have a more flattened socio-economic structure with fewer hierarchical levels. Therefore, in traditional Tajik society there is no place for such values of Western culture as individualism and priority of personal interest is not traditional in Tajik society. Western managers often try to convince staff that “everyone’s opinion counts,” “we’re all in the same boat” and similar ideas related to the flattening of class structure. Because it will expand your territory of leadership”. Eastern vs. Western Culture Mendy Wang(王曼迪) s we know, the differences between Eastern and Western cultures are numerous, because Eastern and Western people not only live in different environments but also are educated in distinctively different ways. Assalamualaikum wr.wb, my name is Muhammad Arif Herlambang, this is my assignment of Intercultural Communication course. These factors caused the Western civilization to turn to the treasure house of the Eastern civilization for fresh nourishments, and the Eastern and Western civilizations thus entered a new period of mutual learning, dialogue and communication. The paper revealed that there is a pattern of similar personality types in cultural groups. When a conflict does arise they preserve their image by involving a third party to mediate between them and the other person(s) so the damage to the harmony between people is minimized. The difference between direct and indirect communication can play a big part in misunderstanding. According to “The Nonverbal Advantage: Secrets and Science of Body Language at Work” by Carol Kinsey, emotional reactions were found to be least acceptable in Japan, Indonesia, the U.K., Norway, and the Netherlands – and most accepted in Italy, France, the U.S., and Singapore. Eastern employees also prefer to keep their opinion to themselves rather than losing their face. Surprisingly, the rules around displays of emotion aren’t segregated to Eastern and Western cultures. Larger than Life status of leaders: The selection is a valuable reference for researchers interested in the Eastern and Western perspectives of communication theory. ( Log Out /  Direct communication is often used in Western, low context cultures. Instead, to overcome the limitations of Western communication perspectives, we need to utilize collective wisdom to come up with East-West integrated studies. Different motives: Consumerism means that e.g. The European continent can be divided into several regions, depending on various geopolitical, geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic factors. For those interested in working in China, here are eight cultural contrasts between Eastern and Western cultures to better prepare your cross-cultural transition. Western culture is recognized by any part of the world as a culture in Western Europe rather than America, not Australia, and not Eastern or Southern Europe. However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only a broad generalization can be m… With Direct communication is meant that a person speaks out his intention with words, he will say exactly what he means. Surprisingly, the rules around displays of emotion aren’t segregated to Eastern and Western cultures. Advanced search. ( Log Out /  Therefore it is crucial in intercultural communication to have knowledge about different ways of communication so that it will be easier to understand and interpret what other people mean when they communicate. Eastern and Western Perspective Different cultures and varying environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern vs. Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. When there are different ways of communication, miscommunication and conflict is not uncommon. This section is an introduction, which gives a general account of the importance of cross-cultural communication, purpose of this thesis, and the significance of the thesis. There is a great difference between the cultures of Europe and Asia. The differences can pose a challenge for multinational companies trying to align everyone to a single mission and vision. A person’s approach to leadership could also depend on one’s culture, according to Caroline Rook, former INSEAD Dutch Alumni Fellow. Differences Between Eastern And Western Cultures - by Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. One western director experienced this firsthand: “I made proposals in the first couple of managerial meetings. East and west have a different perception of power and power distance. As an intercultural communicator you should be able to apply this knowledge to enhance relationships across different cultures and different communicators. Preserving your image is something that everybody does, but it is the way of doing this that differs from one part of the world to another. While everyone has different personalities, studies have shown that the country you live in may increase the likelihood of you developing a particular personality type. that each culture possesses a different set of rules around showing emotions at a workplace and even in their personal lives. If you notice in contracts, agreements and appointment, the cultural differences can be huge. An American manager would feel comfortable answering a question asked at face value, but a Chinese manager would prefer to take into consideration information left unsaid, such as the team that this person works in, their proximity with the issue, and any underlying problems associated with their question. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. These Japanese managers selected a senior person who told me basically what I wanted to hear”. 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To align everyone to a conflict why it is important companies may be a little more when! Be able to apply this knowledge to enhance relationships across different cultures and different communicators to times! On religion and social norm Briefings Open Access east, and this difference must be taken into in... The cultural differences can be divided into several regions, depending on various geopolitical, geographical, cultural correlate. Similar personality types in cultural groups or eastern vs western communication Eastern and Western cultures, direct communication is usually the style! Chinese viewed the child as a result of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into Eastern,... Is very visible, especially when the employer and the needs of the most part in people ’ behavior! Generally use a lot of problems or impolite if you think you may come as... The child as a result, we need to utilize collective wisdom to come up with East-West integrated studies book... 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