“On the whole, The ancient feudal Asian modes of production and modern bourgeoisie can be considered as gradually progressive periods of the socio-economic pattern” [ 3, p.16]. In Nakane Chie's book named “Human Relations in a Longitudinal Society” the term “longitudinal society” is used to express the uniqueness of personal relationships in Japanese society. In a society that does not recognize individuals as a independent, self-reliant character but selfish so individuals tend to adapt to exist, to form contradictive personality in a complete unity. Nakane Chie thinks that the basic unit of Japanese society is the people sharing the same “place” and the relationship between individuals in society connected in a longitudinal relationship [ 8; p.5]. Disliking antagonism and personal confrontation, the Japanese pay attention to maintain harmony, consensus, face and prestige. It is not exactly same as culture, which can be understood as the way of living of people living in a particular place or region.Every society has its culture, but they are not the same thing. Even the collaboration, the association between companies, organizations and collective relationship are longitudinal. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. Before the European invasion in the 1700’s, Indigenous, is not true and there is a vast amount of differences among eastern and western religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, and Christianity. For the East, individuals and the society have traditionally been approached in terms of politics, law, and customs. There, individuals when thinking, acting cannot be anything other than obeying a prescriptive and fixed order. The other power a man has in the state of nature, is the power to punish the crimes committed against that law. Originally, Eastern culture consists of four major cultures: Egypt, Babylon, India and ancient China. Sadly, due to massive size, the power the Roman Empire possessed hardly served to last. Eastern systems often instill moral value in education. This is the view and direction of the Party, which must be implemented synchronously in the system of socio-economic policies in order to achieve the goal of building the country of Vietnam “The rich people, the strong country, fair, civilized”. Talking about Eastern culture, it is impossible not to mention Japan, a culture that has gained cultural quintessence of other Eastern peoples, and at the same time, preserved the cultural identity to evolve the modern developed country as an international superpower. Ho Chi Minh (1995). For millennia, the Vietnamese people have formed and asserted themselves as a nation. This is very evident in the communism. The cultural differences can cause some problems when people is communicating especially between Eastern and Western culture because those two cultures are usually considered completely opposite and the differences that cause the problems can be the different levels of dignity, different life style and … The relationship between Brahman and Atman is essentially a relationship between the general and the particular, in which Brahman is cosmic and Atman is personal. In the East, the individuals' actions are always under society's control through norms and institutions established by society. In the movement, the development of history, the perception and resolution of individual problems, individual roles, the relationship between the individual and the society in Vietnam lies in the nature of Eastern culture. It is "Asian mode of production" [ 3, p.16]. One of the main contrasts within this diversity of cultures is the differences between the East and the West. Eventually, the empire was split into Eastern and Western portions in the hopes to ease political and economic struggles. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Tran Le Bao (2012). They can have some the same features, but also, they are really different ones. Culture is a form of human intellectual achievements. The Relationship between the Individual and Society in Eastern Culture. It is like learning a human’s behavior pattern. In particular, society plays a decisive role towards the individual because the nature of the social organization is to solve the relationship of interests in order to create the highest possibility for individuals to carry out activities and stimulate the development. Individual worth: The individual is given more worth in the western society, while it is the community and the family that tops the list in the eastern society. It is the apostolic state. Second treatise of government, By C.B. In history and the present stage, India defines classes clearly. Five differences between Western and Eastern society, culture, and individuals:  One of the key contrasts among western and eastern culture is … This limits the freedom of thought, freedom in the discovery of individuals. Individuals stand behind the community to increase their strength and therefore personal responsibility, individuality does not have conditions to express themselves. Introduction to Japanese Studies, Vietnam Education Publishing House. In this article “Difference Between Eastern and Western Culture”, author mentions that the main difference between eastern and western is culture. And were it not for the corruption and vitiousness of degenerate men, there would be no need of any other; no necessity that men should separate from this great and natural community, and by positive agreements combine into smaller and divided associations. The first definition of cosmology is: “the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and general structure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws, and especially with such of its characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom (Drew).” The second definition of cosmology is: “the branch of astronomy that deals with the, In the story “Two Kinds” by writer Any Tan, we read of a young girl, Jing-Mei, who was raised in Western society by her almost stereotypical Chinese mother. Individuals from the east look at business differently than those from the west do. Accordingly, the study of the author presents in a systematic way, from the foundation of the formation to the manifestations of individual-social relationships in Eastern culture. When there are village bullies acting ruthlessly, appropriating public land, along with natural disasters leading to crop failure, lack of employment, there will be the occurrence of farmer uprising. Most individuals choose the quick approach due to its alluring quick fix scheme. Firstly, Western systems of education focus on creative thoughts. It is the dialectical manifestation of the relationship between the part and the whole, which is both consistent and contradictory. Finding Freedom in the East – Alexa Pellegrini . Eastern Culture: Western Culture: Eastern culture is traditional, has followers of various religions, somewhat conservative, developing, intransigent to change the culture, and respectful. The East and West have many differences based on their culture which is reflected in people’s attitude and behavior. Some philosophical movements refer to this aspect as New Positivism, Freudianism, American and French Personality, Existentialism, etc. Individuals can only develop through relationships with society and in certain social conditions. After conducting this substantial research, I believe that I have gained a lot of knowledge between the eastern and western cultures. Problem-Solving . It involves interactions between people, for example verbal communication, non verbal communication and or facial expressions. Natsume Soseki, one of my favorite authors, wrote about how Western culture shaped individuality in modern Japan. In each country or nation, in a particular cultural context, the personal-social relationship manifests itself in different ways. Western culture is modern, developed, and evolved its culture, broad sensed, and has changed through many times. The Western Culture focuses on two method of healing: chemically engineered compounds and surgical procedures. Individualism – favours the individual as an independent entity and encourages self-promotion and self-worth. Conflict accumulates to a certain limit then it can lead to social conflict. Secondly, in Eastern culture, it is not intended to characterize individuals as strongly as in the Western but to focus on maintaining the harmony among individuals and always put the individual in social relationships. It is these things that bring individuals together with solidarity. Communism is a unique feature of Japanese culture. This is the dialectic of the individual-social relationship in Eastern culture, which is unique towards Western culture. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. However, it is placed in relation to “the state management, the nation governing, and the universe stability”. With the development of society, the role of the individual and its boundary in relation to the society must be clearly defined. Eastern culture has developed many themes and traditions. This shows a close connection between family and nation in Chinese culture. The Eastern Cultures’ Healing Powers: The Western Cultures’ Greatest Asset Quick Fix culture and the Attitude Adjustment Culture The Western Culture focuses on two method of healing: chemically engineered compounds and surgical procedures. As a historical phenomenon, the personal-social relationship works, transforms and develops around the clock. Family is the nucleus of society. Accordingly, individualism is understood as a philosophical tendency to promote the individual's position, interests, independence, freedom and self-reliance as part of the community and society. Secondly, in Eastern culture, it is not intended to characterize individuals as strongly as in the Western but to focus on maintaining the harmony among individuals and always put the individual in social relationships. Detecting such intertextual relationships between two wildly different texts; Walt Disney’s 1994 animated musical epic, The Lion King, and Studio Gainax’s 2007 animated mecha television series, Gurren Lagann, has enriched my understanding of the differences between the texts’ representation, spanned from the western reaches of Spain to the deserts of Egypt. This affirmed the characteristic of Eastern culture in relation to the West. 48-481]. Some important ones are: Abrahamic religions (a.k.a. ☆ Exploring a different culture is one of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into. Brahman is the master of the world, encompassing the whole world, the vast spiritual entity of all things. The relationship between the individual and society is objective in life in the essence of the dialectical relationship between the general and the particular; It has both consistency and contradiction. In this context, the importance of community, all for the community to achieve the key goal which is to gain national independence and freedom for the people is absolutely necessary and appropriate. In particular, Professor Phan Huy Le assumed that community and personality manifested in the way of lifestyle (eating, wearing, living); mindset and behavior (human relationships between people in the community). It reflects the determinants of social existence to social consciousness, making a difference from Western culture. Eastern culture bel… The development of individuals is a condition, a measure of the level of development of society. Society is nothing but an organised group of people who live together and are connected with one another. Moreover, an individual is also a social subject that is independent of self-determination to express his or her own will, should be reflected and respected. It does not matter what background you have or which part of the world you are from, everybody has a culture in them in some way. The country is just one person, one family. Moreover, eastern more traditional and conservative. An individual - a person is an object and a phenomenon that is born, develops in interaction with people in general, not separated from people in general. In Eastern education, achievement is linked to struggle and hard work. Nga, DÆ°Æ¡ng Thi Thuy. The characteristics of each culture are John Locke (2005). For thousands of years, China is considered to be the cradle of humankind culture. What is Globalization? In addition to the persecution in ideology, Annam clan politics considers “Three Moral Bonds” and “Five Constant Virtues” are the pillars of the nation to protect the country, durable families, the development of inward thinking. When analyzing the current relationship between eastern and western cultures, it seems as if tensions and conflict arise from a complex and layered set of problems. While the West gives prominence to individuals, self-assertion in any form in Japan is discouraged any nail that pops up will be hammered down. Traditions, religion, certain rituals, beliefs, outside influences and historical events were all huge factors that greatly influenced the dietary choices and the future development of each of these two cultures. If Western philosophy aims to promote or even absolutize the role and position of the individual, Eastern philosophy, which asserts the dialectical relationship between individual and society, aims at collectivism. Confucianism promotes “self-improvement”, which requires the recognition and appreciation of society for the individual. On the practical side, research has firstly oriented one of the basics of Eastern culture under the influence of the socio-economic condition when discussing the relationship between the individual and society. The birth of the Upanishad marked the transition from religious mythology to philosophical thought [ 6; p.68]. In particular, the relationship between the individual and society, the country is more focused. Indian culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world and it spans across the sub-continent.It is the perfect example of unity in diversity and this is the best part of our culture.It is a beautiful blend of various other cultures which exists in our country.Here you will find different cultures surviving together under one culture.Indian culture is a rich combination of religion, traditions, art, dance, customs, language, cuisine etc.Indian cult… The comparison between eastern and western culture shows that western education focuses on creativity and allows individuals to develop as much as they can. This article aims to compare … That is a big difference between Eastern and Western thinking. If the human breath is the material life then Atman is the soul, the spiritual life. Both these he gives up, when he joins in a private, if I may so call it, or particular politic society, and incorporates into any commonwealth, separate from the rest of mankind” [ 1; p.39-40]. 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